Workshop on Climate Change and Energy Security: Robustness and flexibility of energy systems under extreme climate and geopolitical events
Arranged in the context of the NTNU Energy Transition Week 2023.
For more information and registration, please follow this link.
The planet is on a trajectory to at least 2 °C of global warming if there are no significant reductions on carbon dioxide emissions within this decade. Droughts lasting more than three months in some regions might become frequent and widespread. Climate change will impact patterns in energy consumption and production. The readiness of the energy system infrastructure in extreme climate events might face unknown challenges that will affect its short-term operations and long-term planning.
At the same time, energy policy initiatives such as the EU Green Deal and REPowerEU aim to accelerate the transformation of the energy sector. The European endeavour to achieve 100% GHG reductions by 2050 has been further exacerbated with the war against Ukraine which has put energy security on top of the agenda. In this regard, energy system planning must consider scenarios that address energy security and geopolitical conditions, climate change events, and decarbonization (relying mostly on wind and solar power). This raises some questions, though. Does the intersection of energy security and climate accelerate or hamper the transition? Which projects of common interest (PCI) should be prioritized to accelerate the development of a low carbon energy infrastructure? What are the relevant insights from modelling climate-energy scenarios jointly for “critical infrastructure” on a country or EU wide level? How can we deal with the flexibility requirements of such a sector-interlinked system that heavily relies on variable generation? How do we evaluate energy imports vs. self-sufficiency in the wake of uncertainty and potential supply shocks? What are the effects on total system costs and energy prices?
The EFECT forum gathers key European research institutions to analyse latest questions in the landscape of European energy transition strategies for climate neutrality. The forum develops joint modelling exercises that arrange the use of common data for scenarios analyses. Energy and climate modelling teams will use their existing models to address cross-disciplinary challenges on climate change and energy security. It is expected that the model comparison (based on common data and/or assumptions) identifies similarities and differences of pathway results and elaborates on common findings relevant to planning energy systems.